Are Ornamental Art coatings water-based? Yes, Ornamental Art coatings are water-based acrylics. These products are low odor environmentally friendly alternative to hazardous solvent-based systems.
Do I need to apply a sealer with Ornamental Art? A sealer or finish coat is not required for Ornamental Art coatings. If the statuary is exposed to excessive wear, the use of a sealer will increase the longevity of Ornamental Art. Ornamental Art coatings are UV light resistant, water submersible and alkali resistant (among several other features) without the use of these extra protections. Depending on the type of finish or techniques, it may be beneficial to apply a sealer. For instance, if you are going to wipe the first coat to achieve a specific look, a sealer will not allow the paint or stain to penetrate the concrete making it easier to wipe the stain or paint off. If a sealer or top coat is desired, Ornamental Art coatings are compatible with single and two component epoxies, urethane, solvent and water-based sealers. Methyl Methacrylate as well as “penetrating” (silicate) sealers are not compatible with Ornamental Art coatings.
Do I need a primer coat with Ornamental Art? Ornamental Art product lines do not require a prime coat for increased adhesion; however, a base coat of Ornamental Art White Primer will increase the hide and intensity for some of the colors. For instance, a white coat can be applied as a primer to ornaments seeking bright yellows, reds, greens, etc.
Can I submerge concrete in water after an Ornamental Art coating is applied? How long should I wait? Ornamental Art coatings were designed specifically for water submersion. Please allow a dry time of 48 hours before submerging coated concrete.
What are the differences between Ornamental Art Paints, Stains and Dye Stains? Ornamental Art coating are manufactured in 3 product lines in order to achieve desired appearance.
- Paints are heavy viscosity, pigmented, hi-hiding coatings that are easily applied using airbrush, production gun and traditional hand brush methods.
- Stains are pigmented and hi-hiding stains with a lower viscosity (thinner) than the Paint line. The Stain is achieved by simply diluting 1 part Ornamental Art Paint with 1 part distilled water. The Stain line is the ideal coating for heavily detailed ornaments when applied by traditional hand brush methods as well as airbrush and production gun.
- Dye Stains
Traditional Series are designed as a semi-transparent stain, which dye the concrete resulting in a natural variegated color. The Dye Stain does not hide the concrete; rather changes the concrete's color. The natural aged appearance is the result of the various specific gravities of the color pigments as well as the absorbency of the applied surface to draw more or less Dye Stain.
Tuscan Series are transparent dye stains that achieve a natural coloration. This series was developed to create the same appearance as acid stains without having the inherent dangers and hassles of working with a corrosive material. Applying the Tuscan Series instantly attains the “dark burn” marks to the light transparent color hints that nature achieves over time.
Does the concrete have to be dry before I apply Ornamental Art coatings? No, allow the concrete to cure for 48-72 hours out of the mold. If the piece has been in the rain or is wet from another water source, Ornamental Art coatings can be applied to damp concrete. If there is standing water or if the concrete has sheen due to water on the application surface, wait or towel off the excess water.
How can I apply Ornamental Art coatings? All Ornamental Art product lines are designed for traditional bristle brush, air brush, and production gun application. In addition, several customers apply Ornamental Art coatings by dipping, sponges, rags, paper towels and spray bottles (Dye Stains). Ornamental Art Paints are ready to use and require no thinning or straining. Stains are achieved by diluting the Paint Line with distilled water. The Dye Stain line is packaged as a concentrate.
What types of material/surfaces can I apply Ornamental Art coatings? Ornamental Art coatings have superior adhesion to concrete, terra cotta, brick, plaster and natural stone. In addition, Ornamental Art adheres very well to aluminum and other metal surfaces. When applied to a non-porous surface (e.g. aluminum and epoxies), Ornamental Art coatings are not water submersible and cannot withstand extended exposure to severe weather.
Can I apply Ornamental Art dye stains to stepping-stones? Yes, Ornamental Art dye stains create a beautiful natural finish to stepping-stones.
Will the colors fade in sunlight? All colors fade to some degree, some more than others. The pigments selected for these product lines are automotive grade. Therefore, the pigments are UV light resistant, color fast and alkali resistant. As a result, Ornamental Art coatings will maintain their color and intensity.
Can I mix the different Ornamental Art coatings to create a new color? Ornamental Art Paints, Stains and Dye Stains can be mixed to achieve desired colors.
Can I freeze Ornamental Art coatings? Ornamental Art Paints and Stains are freeze thaw stable, which means you can freeze the product, thaw it out, shake it up and apply with no problem. Ornamental Art Dye Stains are not freeze thaw stable. Do not apply dye stains that have been frozen.
Are Ornamental Art Dye Stains supplied as concentrates? Yes, Ornamental Art Dye Stains (Traditional and Tuscan Series) are packaged as a concentrate. The recommended dilution ratio is 4 parts distilled, deionized or reverse osmosis water to 1 part concentrate.
Can I increase or decrease the dilution ratio?
- Thinning Increased transparency as well as lighter color shade can be achieved by increasing the dilution ratio (amount of water to concentrate). The dilution ratio should not surpass 1 part concentrate to 8 parts distilled, deionized or reverse osmosis water. Note As dilution ratio increases, the amount of vehicle solids (glue) decreases resulting in a less durable stain.
- High Hide Decreasing the dilution ratio (e.g. 1 part concentrate to 1 part water) will increase hide or opacity. This allows the applicator to cover stains and blemishes as well as achieve uniformity on different surfaces. A natural variegated appearance is still achieved at lower dilution rates.
Can I add water to Ornamental Art Dye Stains? No. Our research has shown that "hard" water (water with excess amount of magnesium, calcium and various other charged ions) has a negative reaction with Ornamental Art Dye Stains. As a result of this reaction, you will not achieve the optimal adhesion and longevity associated with our product. Furthermore, we have found that water is not consistent over time, even from the same source. Therefore, we recommend the use of distilled, deionized or reverse osmosis water.
How much time should I allow for a piece coming out of a mold before applying Ornamental Art? Smith Paint Products recommends a 48 hour period for concrete ornaments to be out of the mold before applying Ornamental Art in regions with dry warm climates. Allow an addition 24 hours (72 hours total) for moist cooler climates.
How much time should I allow before applying another coat of Ornamental Art (antiquing, low lighting, etc.)? As soon as the painted surface is dry to the touch, you are ready to apply the next color of Ornamental Art paint, stain or dye stain. The dry time of a product depends on application and how thick you apply the coating. Under normal drying conditions: airbrush applied coatings dry as quickly as you apply the coating. Production gun applied coatings vary from 10 to 15 minutes and brush applied materials take about 15-20 minutes.
I have been using lacquers, which dry fast. Can I make Ornamental Art coatings dry faster? Dry time is a function of humidity, temperature, and airflow in that order. The ideal drying conditions are 50% relative humidity and 70°F. The more volume of air that passes over the surface (fans), the faster the coatings will dry. If the humidity is too high, regardless of temperature the paint will stay tacky. If the temperature is below the minimum film forming temperature 45°F, the paint will not dry. To reduce dry time increase temperature and increase air flow the increase in temperature will in effect increase the amount of moisture the air will absorb, the increase in air flow increases the amount of heated air that will absorb more moisture
When I airbrush the paint dries too fast. How can I slow the dry time down? When trying to do fine detail work with an airbrush, you reduce the amount of paint coming out of the airbrush and increase the airflow this dries the paint out very quickly. The use of Ornamental Art Retarder ¬will allow you more open time.
How do I clean up when I am done? Clean up equipment and work area with water while coatings are still wet. If coatings dry, you must clean with Ornamental Art cleaner or Acetone. To keep your hands clean, wear gloves. Once the paint dries it will not clean up with water. To clean bristle brushes, place brushes in a mixture of shampoo (Suave) and water.